Grammar Vocabulary – LearnEnglishA

Grammar Vocabulary - LearnEnglishA

🔺🔻🔺Grammar Vocabulary🔺🔻🔺

➡active voice

In the active voice, the subject of the verb does the action
(eg They killed the President).

➡adjective

A word like :
big, red, easy, French etc.
An adjective describes a noun or pronoun.

➡adverb

A word like :
slowly, quietly, well, often etc.
An adverb modifies a verb.

➡article

The “indefinite” articles are (a) and (an).
The “definite article” is (the).

➡auxiliary verb

A verb that is used with a main verb.
Be, do and have are auxiliary verbs.
Can, may, must etc are modal auxiliary verbs.

➡clause

A group of words containing a subject and its verb (for example: It was late when he arrived).

➡conjunction

A word used to connect words, phrases and clauses (for example: and, but, if).

➡infinitive

The basic form of a verb as in to work or work.

➡interjection

An exclamation inserted into an utterance without grammatical connection (for example: oh!, ah!, ouch!, well!).

➡modal verb

An auxiliary verb like:
can, may, must etc
that modifies the main verb and expresses possibility, probability etc.
It is also called “modal auxiliary verb”.

➡noun

A word like :
table, dog, teacher, America etc.
A noun is the name of an object, concept, person or place.
A “concrete noun” is something you can see or touch like a person or car.
An “abstract noun” is something that you cannot see or touch like a decision or happiness.
A “countable noun” is something that you can count (for example: bottle, song, dollar).
An “uncountable noun” is something that you cannot count (for example: water, music, money).

➡object

In the active voice, a noun or its equivalent that receives the action of the verb.
In the passive voice, a noun or its equivalent that does the action of the verb.

➡participle

The -ING and -ed forms of verbs.
The -ING form is called the “present participle”. The -ed form is called the “past participle”

➡part of speech

One of the eight classes of word in English – noun, verb, adjective, adverb, pronoun, preposition, conjunction and interjection.

➡passive voice

In the passive voice, the subject receives the action of the verb
(eg The President was killed).

➡phrase

A group of words not containing a subject and its verb
(eg on the table, the girl in a red dress).

➡predicate

Each sentence contains (or implies) two parts: a subject and a predicate.
The predicate is what is said about the subject.

➡preposition

A word like at, to, in, over etc.
Prepositions usually come before a noun and give information about things like time, place and direction.

➡pronoun

A word like I, me, you, he, him, it etc. A pronoun replaces a noun.

➡sentence

A group of words that express a thought.
A sentence conveys a statement, question, exclamation or command.
A sentence contains or implies a subject and a predicate.
In simple terms, a sentence must contain a verb and (usually) a subject.
A sentence starts with a capital letter and ends with a full stop (.), question mark (?) or exclamation mark (!).

➡subject

Every sentence contains (or implies) two parts: a subject and a predicate.
The subject is the main noun (or equivalent) in a sentence about which something is said.

➡tense

The form of a verb that shows us when the action or state happens (past, present or future).
Note that the name of a tense is not always a guide to when the action happens.
The “present continuous tense”, for example, can be used to talk about the present or the future.

➡verb

A word like (to) work, (to) love, (to) begin.
A verb describes an action or state.

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